Some people think that construction is something general when it comes to building various objects. But this sphere is multi-level and quite multi-faceted. It means that different constructors make a specialty out of the construction of various types. Yes, there are similar processes in the building that are typical for any direction in this industry.
For example, most present-day constructors use the same software to perform routine tasks like construction quoting, budget planning, estimating, bidding, etc. But as in other niches, there are peculiarities of building according to their types. While finding out more information about these specs, it is possible to tailor your contractor’s strategy and achieve your professional goals faster and more budget-friendly.
Four Major Construction Types to Take into Consideration
It goes without saying that new updates and innovations appear almost every day. The ever-changing tech worlds and industries constantly bring changes. Nevertheless, it is possible to highlight only four major types of construction. In general, the building sector can be divided into the following 4 sectors:
- Residential construction;
- Industrial construction;
- Infrastructure construction;
- Commercial construction.
Building depends on the main factor – the object to construct. That is why there are many narrow-direction builders, contractors, and subcontractors. Some experts specialize only in commercial construction only. Usually, those who provide infrastructure building services are far from project planning and assembling industrial objects.
General Management & On-Site Background for All the Construction Types
The management conception is the same for all construction types. Only minor variations can take place. In general, there is a project manager, project architect, and chief engineer who supervise the on-site and office processes. The general contractor asks about all the insights of these specialists.
Speaking about on-site workers, they also undertake all the tasks according to the schedule and plan approved by the general contractor. This way most peculiarities cover the specific procedures the construction direction requires. Summarizing, there are four types of building to take into consideration.
1 – Residential Construction
This type of building covers all the residential premises to construct. This way the townhouses, blocks of flats, garages, and other objects are built. It is important to be sure that all the utilities are presented in the buildings of residential type. That is why general contractors attract narrow-direction subcontractors for this purpose (electricians, plumbers, and other specialists).
2 – Commercial Building
One of the essential parts of commercial construction is institutional building. The designer together with the project architect is responsible for the plans of schools, sports grounds, universities, offices, business centers, stadiums, and many other objects. Additionally, reconstruction arrangements can take place. When the existing structures are repaired and complemented with new ones.
It is worth noting that there are many customers that find investors among local authorities. That is why tenders on commercial and institutional construction are held by the government and other public parties.
3 – Industrial Construction
This building is about design and project planning of workshops, factories, plants, and other industrial objects. The specialists who work in the sphere of this construction type should be absolutely competent in various tech skills to provide high-quality and timely results.
It is worth noting that designers, engineers, architects, and builders should understand specifics of each industrial corporation or its part they build. For example, the chemical industry requires construction of oil refineries while the power gen industry is about building constituents of nuclear power or hydroelectric plants.
4 – Infrastructure Building
This construction is also called the heavy building. The contractors who undertake tasks of this direction usually understand all the tech peculiarities of railway project planning and design of various communications, railways, and roads that make cities and towns convenient for living, migration, transportation, etc.
The architects and designers should interact tightly with the landscape designers and similar specialists to build objects according to the surrounding and obstacles nearby. Usually, such projects are performed by government companies and large private corporations with required licenses and areas of competence. The infrastructure construction is notable for building constituents of heavy premises in the citizenships and around towns and cities (including tunnels, drainage systems using concrete forming, transit systems, etc.)