Papaya is a perennial plant that grows in the tropics and subtropics without freezing weather such as frost. Some varieties can grow up to 29.5 ft tall, and most have beige, yellow or orange flowers. The fruit of Papaya has various shapes such as pear-shaped and round, and is famous for its sweet yellow-orange pulp. Learn how to grow Papaya to increase survival and yield.
Fertilize every two weeks. Remember to do this every 10-14 days, and dilute the fertilizer according to the instructions. Use complete fertilizers, no special fertilizers. Fertilize the saplings before they reach 11.8 inches tall. After the saplings have grown to 11.8 inches, the grower will also apply 0.1 kg of fertilizer does not touch the rhizomes. Gradually increase the amount and reduce the frequency, fertilizing 0.9 kg every two weeks after 7 weeks. It is also supposed to use soil tester to test the soil’s quality. The soil quality is also important to the growth of Papaya.
Water timely. Don’t overwater, but without enough water you won’t grow big fruit. If you are using loamy soil with strong water storage, water it every three or four days. If using sandy or rocky soil, water every two days in hot weather. Reduce frequency in cold season. If you afraid that you overwater, grow bags are a great option.
Grow bags were made with fabric material, which has an excellent drainage system.
Mulch with bark if necessary. Scattering pine or other bark mulch around the rhizomes of saplings can reduce weeds and increase soil moisture to prevent saplings from shrinking. Spread 2 inches thick mulch about 7.9 inches away from the rhizome.
Check leaves and bark frequently for pests and disease. If the leaves and barks have spots and become yellowing, it indicates disease. Dark spots on leaves are not a big deal, but antibiotics are needed for larger areas. Bent leaves indicate herbicide contamination. Other issues, such as pest infestations or problems with the whole plant, should be consulted with a horticultural expert or your local Department of Agriculture.
Harvest the fruit when it is ripe. Green papaya can be eaten as a vegetable, but many people prefer orange-yellow ripe papaya because of its sweet taste. The fruits are ready to be picked when they are green and yellowish, and you can ripen them indoors to keep them away from pests.