Nations are continually threatened by numerous external and internal actors hell-bent on violating the state’s sanctity and compromising public safety. A major national security threat is the aggressive posturing of a neighboring country or social aggression exercised by a global enemy. Presidential administrations and security leaders handle security threats involving other governments and their militaries or security agencies.
Presidents collaborate with security leaders and organizations to counter terrorist infiltrations, organized crime networks, extremist organizations, and terrorist indoctrinators. Security agencies and disaster response management teams scrutinize global political, social, and economic trends to protect citizen welfare. Natural disasters, such as pandemics, floods, and earthquakes, also constitute national security threats that disrupt communities and economies.
Keep reading to learn more about major national security threats and governmental response management strategies.
Combatting Threats from Hostile Countries
Political science students and avid news readers are well aware of the friction, aggression, and rivalries governing international relations and global political systems. The Cold War, Iran-Saudi Arabia skirmishes, and the threatening dynamics between North and South Korea are rich with examples of national security threats. Studying the history of wars, aggression, and threats between two countries reveals valuable insight into national security preservation and risk mitigation.
Countries rely on security agencies and intelligence-gathering networks to prevent outright wars and use the information. Intelligence agencies gather information around military installations, defense planning, aggressive posturing, and espionage activities to prepare nations to counter attacks. Attacks come in all forms, such as malicious anti-state propaganda, terrorist abetting, election interference, border violations, civilian attacks, and proxy warfare.
Individuals captivated by national security dynamics can pursue an MS in homeland security and emergency management to make impactful contributions. After all, national security is a field driven by academic advancement, scholarly contributions, and research-based innovations to strengthen security protocols. Students can specialize in counterterrorism, espionage strategies, proxy warfare, organized criminal and terrorist networks, or natural disaster management.
Suppose your interests lie in combatting the malicious intentions of hostile governments. In that case, you can pursue careers in security agencies, advocacy groups, humanitarian organizations, or policymaking. The academic pathways to national security open a broad array of specializations and disciplines to ensure community welfare and preparedness.
Tackling the Scourge of Terrorism
Terrorism refers to the use of violence and aggression against innocent civilians to achieve political or social agendas. According to the FBI, terrorism involves the unlawful use of violence to intimidate civilian populations and coerce governments into submission. The underlying motive behind terrorism is achieving the organization’s political or social objectives by challenging the writ of the state. Terrorism manifests itself in all shapes and forms, such as political, military, economic, and outright aggression.
Terrorist groups are non-state actors that don’t officially represent a nation but are often aided, abetted, funded, and tolerated by foreign powers. It’s typical for hostile countries with malicious intentions to use terror groups to exercise aggression through proxy warfare. This strategy prevents the county from officially engaging in conflict and breaching international political standards regulation the behaviors of countries.
Countries use terror outfits and groups as proxies by sponsoring their activities, growth, and expansion into multiple regions worldwide. They stage attacks on civilian populations and public spaces to create chaos, disrupt economies, and coerce political leaders into submission. Terrorist groups often collaborate with organized crime networks to obtain illegal funding, weapons and ammunition and facilitate cross-border movements.
Terrorists can use high-profile government officials, journalists, and civilians as hostages to get governments to agree to outrageous demands. Many terrorist groups rely on sophisticated cybercrime networks to infiltrate the digital security infrastructure. Security agencies combat terrorist groups by staging counterterrorism operations at home and in the terror group’s country of origin. Countries promote security collaborations to achieve mutual public safety goals by dismantling terrorist infrastructure and ridding regions of terrorism.
Nuclear Proliferation Programs in Hostile Countries
Why does North Korea continue to attract the ire of the western world with its ambitious nuclear and weapons proliferation efforts? Why do western countries, the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, strongly oppose Iran’s nuclear proliferation? Most importantly, why are countries constantly tracking each other’s nuclear stockpiles and launching new weapons to counter emerging technologies?
Enemy states don’t always use direct violence or aggressive posturing to threaten a regional or global rival. In most cases, nuclear proliferation and acquiring advanced weaponry is enough to raise suspicions and make veiled threats. The Cold War and the strategic arms race between the US and Russia offer insight into the threats lurking behind nuclear proliferation.
Leaders in Washington are increasingly anxious about nuclear proliferation activities in Russia, Iran, and North Korea. The same dynamic exists between numerous rival states and agonistic neighbors worldwide. Developing nuclear, chemical, biological, cyber, and other weapons in a hostile state constitutes a national security threat. Governments respond to this threat by embarking on ambitious proliferation programs and approaching international forums to express their concerns.
The national security threats explained above are just a few to name, as scores of dangers and hazards threaten nation-states. In today’s digitally savvy world domination by information systems, cybercrime is rising exponentially, emerging as a major threat to homeland security. Cybercriminals can hack into governmental institutions, state banks, and military websites to steal, extort funds, or aid terrorists. Natural disasters and pandemics, such as the ongoing COVID-19 emergency, also threaten public safety and the state’s ability to protect citizens.