Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and infections are common in women with an active sexual life. These diseases and infections are transmitted via oral, vaginal, or anal contact. The instances such as rashes, vaginal itching, pain, and unusual discharge from the female organ may direct towards the presence of sexually transmitted diseases.
Many STDs and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) display no symptoms at all. But if they are left untreated, they may lead to fertility problems in women. In the worst-case scenario, these infections and diseases may even shape up into cervical cancer. It is, therefore, essential to educate yourself about sexually transmitted diseases, how they spread, and what to do upon experiencing their symptoms.
This article throws light on everything related to sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
Common Sexually Transmitted Infections in Women
Some of the most common instances of sexually transmitted infections in women include gonorrhea, human papillomavirus or HPV, chlamydia, and genital herpes. Out of these, HPV is the most common infection and may even lead to cervical cancer.
Considering the rapid advancements in medical science, it has become possible to prevent the development of HPV in the body. A vaccine for HPV is also available to ward off the strains of this virus. The remaining infections are bacterial and can be treated with medication.
Signs and Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections
When sexually transmitted infections are left untreated, they turn into diseases and may affect your body negatively. According to doctors, you may not experience the symptoms of STDs at all. Infections, however, are easy to spot. Here are the common signs and symptoms that you may be suffering from sexually transmitted infections:
- Abnormal Vaginal Discharge:
White discharge is common among women that occurs after the menstrual cycle. However, if the color of discharge is green or yellow, it may be a warning sign of the infection.
- Change in Urination:
You may suffer from constant pain or burning sensation upon urination while suffering from any sexually transmitted infection. The need to urinate frequently is another common sign of STI.
- Itching in The Vaginal Area:
Itching is not a specific symptom of sexually transmitted infection. It is often associated with other problems ,such as allergic reaction, use of latex condoms, yeast infection, scabies, or even early phases of STIs. It is suggested to carry out rapid STD testing to know if the cause of the itching is STI or any other.
- Pain during sex:
Women often overlook pain during sexual intercourse. But do you know it is one of the common signs of STI? Abdominal or pelvic pain during intercourse suggests that you may be suffering from the infection.
- Abnormal Bleeding:
Abnormal bleeding should be addressed immediately, for it may be a sign of pelvic inflammatory disease. In some cases, abnormal bleeding may also be a symptom of ovarian or cervical cancer.
How To Prevent STDs?
It is better to be safe than to be sorry. Using condoms and only being intimate with people you trust are the best way to prevent transmissions. You must also get yourself tested for the STIs and STDs regularly to address the infection or disease, if any. If diagnosed at the right time, you may be able to get rid of the same. Also, vaccination of HPV is essential to keep the disease at bay. Always urge practicing safer sex with your partner and use protection if you perform any kind of sex – vaginal, oral, or anal.
In many cases, sexually transmitted infections and diseases do not come with a warning sign. Thus, being educated about the topic is a must. You must as well have honest communication with your partner and doctor about your sexual history.