When you are spoilt for choices while selecting a carpet cleaning company for your business or home, it is necessary to understand the different types of carpet cleaning methods used by different companies as not all Carpet cleaning methods work for your carpet.

Carpet Cleaning

Hot Water Extraction Cleaning 

 Known as steam carpet cleaning, this extraction uses high pressure hot water to agitate the carpet fiber and dissolve dirt in the carpet. Hot water extraction involves the application of a cleaning agent on the soiled surface, agitation of carpet with a brush, followed by rinsing. After the cleaning agent settles in the carpet for a short duration, the carpet will be washed by a Carpet cleaning equipment to rinse the cleaning agent thoroughly and finally left to dry in room or air-conditioned temperature. 

An average-sized carpeted office of 3000 square feet would take about two hours to clean and will take at least 4 hours to dry. Cleaning companies advise carpets to be cleaned in the late afternoon so that after the cleaning is over, the carpet can be left to dry overnight and office operation can resume back to normal the next morning. 

Carpet Shampooing 

Shampoo Carpet cleaning was popular until encapsulation technology was introduced in the 1950s. Shampooing of carpet may seem to clean heavily soiled carpet, the technology’s disadvantage is leaving behind a higher amount of wet foam residues in the carpet that takes a long time to dry, becomes sticky when it dries because no rinsing is done after shampooing and rapid re-soiling of it makes this method less effective than others. 


Encapsulation includes synthetic detergents as a base that crystallizes into powder form when dried. Loose dirt particles in carpet fiber will be encapsulated into powder when the applied cleaning foam dries and finally, vacuumed or brushed when the foam dries after cleaning. The foam encapsulation cleaning technique has overtaken carpet shampooing technology as it uses less water during cleaning which results in shorter drying time compared to the carpet shampooing. 

The cleaning has received thumbs up by those who advocate using environmentally friendly products because there is less chemical residue left behind after cleaning compared to carpet shampooing. 

Bonnet Cleaning 

This Carpet cleaning produces good surface cleaning result as the process involves cleaning the top part of the carpet fiber using a heavy-duty motorized machine with the spinning pad emerged with a cleaning solution to absorb dirt from the carpet surface. 

Bonneting is used in hotels as it can give a quick fix solution to clean carpet in heavy traffic public areas that need carpets to be cleaned without much moisture and can dry quickly to prevent any inconvenience to Hotel guests. Because bonneting does not clean the carpet deeply, dirt beneath the carpet emerges back to the surface within a short period of time,  causing the carpet to get soiled again quickly. Bonneting causes accumulation of chemical residue in the carpet as pressure from the heavy machine on the spinning pad pushes the applied chemical and remaining dirt back into the carpet. 

Dry Carpet Cleaning 

The process of dry Carpet cleaning is the application of cleaning compound or powder into the bottom part of the carpet using a motorized counter rotating brush machine to open up the carpet fiber and allow the compound to settle inside resulting in deep Carpet cleaning result. The cleaning compound is made of biodegradable material that works like micro sponges which can absorb dissolved dirt in the carpet and can be removed at the end of the process. 

So if you need to get your carpet cleaned then you should be aware of the cleaning methods used by the cleaning companies so that you can opt for the best services for yourself.