The mitre saw, also known as a chop saw, is an essential power tool for any woodworker. It is primarily used to make accurate angled cuts in wood and other materials. This type of saw provides greater accuracy than manually operated cutting tools and is the perfect choice for creating custom furniture pieces or complex trim work. With its versatility, the mitre saw can be used to create projects ranging from simple picture frames to complex fine cabinetry.

Definition of a Mitre Saw

A mitre saw, also known as a ‘chop saw’ or ‘drop saw’, is an essential piece of equipment in any woodworking workshop. It is designed to make angled cuts with precision and accuracy in a wide range of materials, including wood, plastic and metal.

The mitre saw consists of a circular blade mounted onto an arm which can be adjusted to the desired angle. The arm is then connected to a motor which rotates the blade at high speed for cutting the material. The operator stands behind the machine and guides the material along the fence, ensuring that it is cut accurately.

The most common type of mitre saw is known as a sliding compound mitre saw (SCMS). This type has two blades on its rotating arm – one for making straight cuts and another for making angled cuts up to 45 degrees in either direction from the centre. It also features adjustable fences so that you can easily adjust your cutting angles without having to stop and reposition your material each time you want to make adjustments. Mitre saw NZ is the other type of saw.

There are other types of mitre saws available such as radial-arm models which have arms that can pivot up or down providing greater flexibility when making angled cuts; while dual-bevelled models.

Types of Mitre Saws

Mitre saws are invaluable tools for a variety of applications, from cutting intricate angles in trim and moulding to making clean crosscuts in lumber. Many types of mitre saws are available on the market today, each designed to do specific tasks efficiently and accurately. Whether you’re a professional carpenter or an enthusiastic DIYer, it’s important to understand the various types of mitre saws available so you can choose the right one for your projects.

Compound Mitre Saw: A compound mitre saw is the most versatile type of mitre saw because it can make both regular and bevelled cuts. It has two adjustable blades that tilt at different angles to cut mitred corners with precision. Compound mitres also feature depth-adjustable stops which allow you to quickly set up repetitive cuts without having to measure each time. These models are great for crown moulding, picture frames and other tasks requiring angled cuts. 

Sliding Compound Mitres: Sliding compound mitres have all the features of a standard compound model but offer increased cutting capacity thanks to their sliding rails which enable them to make longer crosscuts than non-sliding models. 

Uses of a Mitre Saw

A mitre saw is a type of power tool that’s used for making precise cuts in wood and other materials. It has a circular blade mounted on an arm which allows it to make angled cuts from zero to ninety degrees. The saw is most commonly used for making crosscuts, mitre joints, bevels and compound angle cuts. With its versatility, accuracy and speed, the mitre saw is one of the most popular tools amongst DIY enthusiasts and professional woodworkers alike.

The uses of the mitre saw are many; here are just some of them: 

1. Trim carpentry: The mitre saw can be used to cut baseboards, door frames or window casings with precision accuracy, saving time when compared with using hand tools such as chisels or handsaws. 

2. Picture frames: A mitre saw can be used to quickly create perfect mitre joints for picture frames or shadow boxes without having to use traditional joinery techniques such as dovetailing or mortise-and-tenon joinery. 

3. Crown moulding installation: Installing crown moulding requires precise angle cuts which can easily be achieved with a mitre saw; this reduces time spent on measuring angles.

Safety Precautions When Using a Mitre Saw

Mitre saws are a popular and useful tool for many DIY projects and home improvements. They provide accurate, clean cuts on wood, metal and plastic with minimal effort. However, because of their power and potential danger, it is important to take safety precautions when using a mitre saw. 

The most important thing to remember when using a mitre saw is that it can be dangerous if not used correctly. Always make sure you read the manufacturer’s instructions carefully before operating the saw and follow them closely. It is also important to wear safety gear such as protective glasses or goggles, ear protection, dust masks or respirators, gloves and long pants to cover your legs. 

Before beginning any work with a mitre saw be sure that the work area is well-lit so that you can easily see what you are cutting. Make sure there are no objects in the way which could interfere with your work or cause injury in case of an accident. If possible use clamps to secure larger pieces of material while working on them; this will ensure they stay in place during cutting operations and reduce any chance for a kickback from occurring due to movement of the piece being cut while cutting occurs.  


The mitre saw is a powerful and versatile power tool that can be used to make precise mitre cuts in all types of materials. With the ability to use different blades, it can also tackle a variety of tasks such as crosscuts, bevel cuts, and compound angles. It is an essential tool for any woodworking or DIY project and should be considered when looking for a saw that can handle any job.