Solar energy has become so popular in the US it can now power 18 million average size American homes. As prices of panels have declined, many people are realizing the benefits residential panels can bring. But exactly how do they work?

If you are considering going solar then we can help. Read on as we discuss how home solar panels work in our handy guide.

Absorbing Energy

As soon as sunlight hits the panels, photovoltaic cells begin to absorb the energy of the sun. Containing phosphorous and boron, it gives them positive and negative charges which can carry an electrical current. 

Converting Electricity

This DC current then goes to an inverter. Its job is to switch the current rapidly so that it turns to an AC current. This can then power the home and it is transferred to the home electrical box. 

Excess Electricity Goes to the Grid

Some systems have grid-tiered solar panel installation. Electricity can then be sent back to the grid if excess power exists. The panels will actually gain credit from the grid known as net metering, making money from the energy harnessed. 

Is My Home Suitable for Solar?

Solar panels can work in most climates, even ones where the hours of daylight are fewer. What is more important are the surfaces you choose to lay the panels on. You want a surface that does not have trees and other buildings shading it when you go solar

The direction of the panels is also important. A south-facing roof will get much more sun than once facing other directions. For the best results, slopes between 15 to 40 degrees are recommended. 

Benefits of Home Solar Panels

Home solar panels have a number of benefits. The most important are collected below. 

Reduce Energy Bills

Solar panels will even draw energy even when the weather is cloudy. This means you are always producing your own power. You can either use this to subsidize and reduce your bills or create enough energy to eliminate them outright. 

Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

Unfortunately, a lot of our energy that comes from the grid still arrives from the burning of fossil fuels. This contributes to harmful greenhouse gasses. By using solar energy, you can greatly reduce energy consumption and your carbon footprint as a result. 

Earn Money

Switching to solar with a grid tiered system means you can actually earn money. Any excess gets sold back to the grid, earning you a profit. 

Even if you don’t, there are still many cash incentives. Some states have incentives that allow you to claim tax back and get rebates on your panels. Speak with your local installation experts who should know what deals are on offer. 

How Home Solar Panels Work

Now you know how home solar panels work, speak with a local company. They will know the best panels for the climate and have advice on the state or national rebates and incentives. 

If you found this article informative, we have many more to help. From DIY to maintenance, we can help keep your home running in the coming year.