One question that is super common but still hard to find is what is portfolio? An investment portfolio is like a basket where you put different investments, such as stocks, bonds, or real estate, to earn your money over time. Imagine it as a way of spreading your eggs across different baskets rather than investing all in one basket. In such a way, if one investment doesn’t do well, you have others that might balance it out. 

Diversification for Stability

The main principle of diversification is to have a portfolio that is not confined to one kind of investment. Thus, you are diversifying your investments into several asset classes and sectors. To illustrate, as opposed to putting all your money in one company’s stock, you might spread your investment to stocks from different areas like technology, healthcare, and finance. This therefore minimizes the risk of being wiped out of your money in case one of the sectors has a downturn. 

Understanding Risk and Return

Risk and return are mutually dependent on investing. Typically, the investments that have the higher potential returns also bring in the higher risks. Stocks are a good example of such a case, where you can get high returns but at the same time, their prices can fluctuate a lot more than the prices of bonds, which are considered to be safer but have lower returns. Your risk appetite, that is, how comfortable you are with taking risks, is one of the factors that influence the choice of your investment within your portfolio. 

Setting Investment Goals 

To decide on the investment, it’s necessary to lay down the investment goals. Think about what you can accomplish with your investments. Do you have a retirement plan, a house, or, a child in the school? Your goals will be the driving factors behind your investment decisions and the time it will take for you to accomplish them. Short-term goals usually need more stable investments, while long-term goals are not necessarily restricted to growth-oriented assets.

The beginning of investing in the stock market is an admirable step. 

To engage in the stock market, you will have to get a brokerage account. It is like a savings account but the purpose is solely for buying and selling stocks, bonds, and other securities. Most brokerage firms provide internet platforms where you can manage your investments, buy and sell stocks, and also track the performance of your portfolio. 

Research and Selecting Investments

After you have a brokerage account, it’s time to research the investments you are going to pick. First of all, you need to get to know all the different investment options like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Grasp the risks involved, the possible returns, and their role in your total investment scheme. These are the factors that you should take into account, such as the performance of the company, the industry trends, and the economic conditions before making investment decisions. For example, checking the LEG stock price can provide insights into the performance of individual stocks and help inform your investment decisions.


In case you are not sure about the way to start investing or you want to get advice given by a financial advisor, you should think about consulting a financial advisor. Through an advisor, you can express your financial situation, goals, and risk tolerance, and thus, the expert will devise a suitable investment plan for you. Through this blog most common question which is how to invest in share market is solved. Besides 5paisa is a great platform they will always be there to criticize you and be your mentor and guide telling you what to do, and whatnot.